Blog of Sara Jakša

Blueberry Ice-cream Recipe

Still on my yogurt obsession. This time I did not even use a recipe from the internet, the picture of the ice cream was enough.

Ingredients:

  • frozen blueberries
  • yogurt
  • chocolate
  • water (for water-bath only)

Recipe:

  • Mix frozen blueberries and yogurt in the mixer
  • Put it in the freezer
  • Go and mix it every so often (I do it every 30 minutes), so that it does not froze solid or create too big of a crystals
  • When serving, melt chocolate on the water bath and pour it over it

I did post this picture after I already arrived abroad. Some of this ice-cream was left over, and will most likely to wait for me until I come back. While this is not the type of ice-cream that can wait in the freezer (I have no idea how store brought do it), maybe by simply breaking the crystals in the mixer, in the way how some people make ice-cream from frozen bananas, will do the trick.

Brownie Recipe with Yogurt

Well, in my house people have started to eat frozen fruit with yogurt as a snack. the problem is, that some of us (I do have to take some of the blame, but in my self image I don't actually do it) buy additional liter of yogurt when going in the store. So what I had in my fridge was 6 bottle of 1 liter yogurt, 3 of them getting back in the next couple of days.

Not very helpful, when I know that I am leaving tomorrow, and I know we don't consume enough yogurt to eat all of it. So I had to come up with a way to use at least some of it.

But while I was browsing the internet for yogurt recipes (which I really should not do, but my imagination was not able to come up with too many yogurt recipes) I came up across the brownie recipe. Since a certain someone talked about brownies a couple of times since I came back, I decided to try it. I did modify the recipe, so that it uses more yogurt and less ingredients and some substitution. I mean, how puts oats in the brownies?

Ingredients:

  • 2 cups of yogurt (I needed a bit more, but not much)
  • 1 cup of flour
  • 1 cup of cacao
  • sugar (depends on the taste)
  • baking soda
  • any kind of nuts, chocolate,... (optimal)

Recipe:

  • Mix flour, baking soda, cacao and sugar
  • If you are using additional ingredients, like nuts, now is the time to mix them in
  • Add yogurt and mix it until everything is wet (the mixture was a lot denser than I imagined)
  • Put it in whatever you are using to bake it (I use the same one I use to bake potato, I just put the cooking paper over it)
  • Bake for 15min at the 200 °C
  • Make it air (so put it out of the model and somewhere where the air can circulate)

The Sunk Costs of Small Projects

Since I don't actually have a regular job yet (and no matter what anybody says, schooling is not actually a job), I have some free time that I can use to try some of the possible future works in my free time. This could be lecturing, or writing, like this blog, or programming or research. It helps if some of this work can also be used then for school, but not everything can.

I have recently started to think about these projects. Anki, a program that I have written a couple of add-ons is upgrading to python3 and new interface. One of the python libaries I packaged for arch Linux had also upgraded into python3, so there were changes needed. And people actually sometimes post comments or recommendations for changes. All of this creates a bit of work each time, but so far I don't really have a lot of things like that.

So I was thinking that this explains why people sometimes abandon their projects. Sunk cost fallacy means that people are a lot more likely to keep doing the things, and even investing more money and time into the project, simply because they have already invested some kind of money. For the Slovenian people, think our politicians with TEŠ6 kind of behaviour.

Not that I am not like that as well. I still have way too many reading materials and projects, that sit unfinished on my computer. I have gotten better at finishing them sooner and then releasing them and forget about it. But what I should be even better at, would be to simply move on. Still struggling with this one, though I am proud of some of the things that I walked away from when the positive things started to diminish.

But there are still projects that I started years ago, and I still did not finish. Selling my old book is one of this projects. Sure, I have come the long way and I like that I need one less book-case for my books. But I also know that I don't really have a desire to read 95% of the books that I still have. Sure, there might be some gems there, but I am sure that most of the books are not something that I am going to be rereading a lot. I mean, one of the books is about the series that I watched in primary school. Another one is a romantic story that I got as the gift. Neither of these books is something that I even read these days.

I mean, you can't do better than historical and cognitive-scientific non-fiction and historical and mystery fiction.

Maybe I should just give up and simply dump all of them in some place. That way I could eliminate them from my environment. I am not that good in the phenomenological therapy, but there the environment indicates the state of the inner world. So eliminating some of the clutter in my environment will also have an effect on my own inner state to be less cluttered.

But this would require ignoring the sunk cost, and this is something that I am not that good at putting into action yet. I really should be eliminating more old stuff and projects, so I will have an energy and space to go forward with the projects that I am really interested right now and they might be a better investment going forward.

The Articles from 2013

I have uploaded some of the articles here, that I had written in 2013. So, if you go back in my history, you might see some articles that are... subpar. :) I just figured out, that maybe having everything in the same place would be helpful sometime in the future.

So far, only one person had told me, that they read anything from my blog. That is why so far, I don't feel anything embarrassing doing this. There can't be many people reading this. But still, I just copied it, so if anybody would go any read it, the quality and in some cases ever the formatting might be wrong.

So far they are not in the archives yet, because so far I am doing it by hand, and I don't want to add more than 100 pieces of writing by hand. But this is the next thing on my do to list, so by the time anybody actually reads this, they might already be there. :)

Recipe : Potatoes with Broccoli

Potatoes and Broccoli

I have recently saw a very cheap broccoli at Lidl. Since I was frustrated with not being able to use an actual function kitchen (I am spoiled like that), I decided that I am going to try and do something. Worse case scenario, I don't have an idea, I just boil it and then eat it with so much pest, that I would not be able to taste anything of it. Thankfully, I did not had to do this.

Ingredients:

  • Broccoli
  • Potatoes
  • Olive oil
  • Any type of spices (optional)

Recipe:

  • Boil the potatoes.
  • Boil the broccoli
  • Put olive oil in the pan, and throw in potatoes and broccoli
  • Add spices
  • Mix
  • Serve

My Consumption Preferences Based on the Text Analysis

The last part, that the IBM Personality Insights analyses is the consumer preferences. Here I am really glad, that I had to format this, because it made me realize how more accurate it is, than I originally thought based on my first reading through.

Because when I read it through for the first time, I saw all the things that were not true about me. But I kind of ignored the things that were true. Sore of similar to the selective bias. But when I actually had to put the number next to it, I then started to notice all the things that were right.

The best way would be to now to compute some statistics. There were 42 preferences. 23 were judges perfectly, 12 were half wrong and half right and 7 were completely wrong. So 55% were right and 17% were wrong while the rest was something in between. You can judge for yourself, if you consider this accurate or not. Or better yet, check on your own data.

I think this makes a very interesting point for the current dangers of AI discussion. If something like that can change the perception on whenever something is dangerous or not, then it is very important how the discussion if framed. Because this technology can either be harmless, because it is not good enough yet, or we might already need to have a discussion about it. It is something to keep in mind.

So here are my consumption preferences.

Consumption preference Value Reality
Shopping
Likely to prefer quality when buying clothes 1 0.5
Likely to prefer style when buying clothes 1 0
Likely to prefer comfort when buying clothes 1 1
Likely to prefer using credit cards for shopping 1 0
Likely to be influenced by product utility when making product purchases 1 1
Likely to be sensitive to ownership cost when buying automobiles 0.5 1
Likely to prefer safety when buying automobiles 0 1
Likely to be influenced by brand name when making product purchases 0 0
Likely to be influenced by online ads when making product purchases 0 0
Likely to be influenced by social media when making product purchases 0 0
Likely to be influenced by family when making product purchases 0 0.5
Likely to indulge in spur of the moment purchases 0 0
Health and activity
Likely to eat out frequently 0 0
Likely to have a gym membership 0 0
Likely to like outdoor activities 0.5 0.5
Environment
Likely to be concerned about the environment 1 1
Entrepreneurship
Likely to consider starting a business in next few years 1 1
Movies
Likely to like romance movies 0 0
Likely to like adventure movies 1 1
Likely to like horror movies 0 0
Likely to like musical movies 1 0.5
Likely to like historical movies 1 1
Likely to like science-fiction movies 1 1
Likely to like war movies 0 0.5
Likely to like drama movies 0 1
Likely to like action movies 1 0.5
Likely to like documentary movies 1 1
Music
Likely to like rap music 0.5 0
Likely to like country music 0 0
Likely to like R&B music 0.5 0
Likely to like hip hop music 0.5 0
Likely to attend live musical events 1 0
Likely to have experience playing music 1 1
Likely to like Latin music 1 0
Likely to like rock music 1 0.5
Likely to like classical music 1 1
Reading
Likely to read often 1 1
Likely to read entertainment magazines 0 0
Likely to read nonfiction books 1 1
Likely to read financial investment books 0 0.5
Likely to read autobiographical books 0 0.5
Volunteering
Likely to volunteer for social causes 1 0

My Values Based on Text Analysis

IBM Personality Insights also has a values analysis. They don't really have a lot of values (5), and I am sure that they are simply using a certain model. This is quite normal in the sciences: constrain the thing you are researching. Down here are my results, and I also included what each value means.

Values Score Description
Openness to change 88.8 Emphasize independent action, thought, and feeling, as well as a readiness for new experiences
Self-enhancement 50.1 Seek personal success for themselves
Self-transcendence 40.8 Show concern for the welfare and interests of others
Hedonism 10.8 Seek pleasure and sensuous gratification for themselves
Conservation 02.8 Emphasize self-restriction, order, and resistance to change

I have to admit, some of these are accurate. I do hope that I have high emphasis on the independent action. It is a bit higher than I imagined, but out of the five of them, I expected it to be the highest one. Also Self-enchancment being at around the middle and hedonism being toward the bottom was also something that I very much expected. Self-transencence is a bit high, but I expected it to be between self-enchantment and hedonism. I would put it a bit more toward hedonism.

Yes, I am aware that if these percentages mean percentiles, then my ordering them makes no sense. But to tell the truth, they are selling this technology to the customers (you need to pay, if you make more than 100 automatic scoring each month), and I am not sure which would be more useful for the companies. If they want to know, who to target, then the percentiles makes more sense. If they have the people intended, and they need to decide hot to communicate to them, then percentages makes more sense. And in the later case, ordering does makes sense.

But let me go back to the only value, which I was surprised by. I expected conservatism to be a lot higher. I expected it to be between the self-enchantment and self-stransendence. Instead, it is at the very bottom. Not sure why, thought. At this point, I am more included to believe that it is a mistake in the analysis than a misunderstanding of myself.

My Needs Based on the Text Analysis

In the last blog post, I have talked about IBM Personality Insights. The interesting part is, that they don't only analyze the personality of a person, but also the needs of the person. According to the very short description that they provide on the website, these needs are not basic or personal needs, lets be clear, I don't think they are needs at all. They are simply the measure of what the product have to represent, in order to resonate with me.

Here are the needs that it had found of me:

Need Value
Curiosity 98.8
Structure 48.8
Ideal 46.6
Liberty 24.0
Self-expression 22.9
Challenge 21.6
Love 17.4
Practicality 13.2
Closeness 12.5
Excitement 11.8
Stability 11.6
Harmony 06.0

I think, that these values, just like the values for the personality, are shown in the percentiles. The higher the percentile, the more susceptible am I to these messages than others. So 50 would mean that I am more susceptible than half of the people, and less susceptible than half of the people. In my case, there are only 6% of people less susceptible to the need for harmony, but 94% are more susceptible to it.

I wonder if this might explain, why I always want to buy books or courses or attend additional courses at the university and so on. I am not normally very materialistic person, I mean I get teased that I am very stingy with the money. But put me in the library, and I want to buy the whole lot. It is kind of amazing.

Not to mention, I would not have about average course load, and still thinking thoughts: "Maybe I can commute to a couple of lectures for this course that I can not attend in whole". I am sure, if it would fit in my schedule, I would have taken this course.

There are two things that I wonder about this results. The first is the connection to the personality. I mean, I am (probably) high on openness, so curiosity would be a need connected to this. I am also very low on agreeableness, which harmony and love both seems to be connected to and I have low scores in both.

The second is how to use this. Maybe I need to be more careful when people present products in a way that imply that they will satisfy my curiosity. But I already know, that no matter what, there is no one thing in the world, that will satisfied it. I think it might take the rest of my life, and possibly more.

And I guess I can use this to tell people, that if they want me to buy something, they should appeal to my curiosity side, and nothing something, at least for me, much more mundane.

My Personality Based on the Text Analysis

I think I have already talked about the IBM Personality Insights. At least I used it to analyze the personality type of Tony Stark based on Iron Man movie. I have returned some of my attention to it, because I am still interested in the personality.

This time, I was analyzing myself. I took a number of blog posts from this site and put it in the machine, waiting to see, what it is going to bring out. Most of their subtraits, that it analyses, also have almost the same names as subtraits in the IPIP-NEO test that I have taken, which would normally allow me to compare them. It is too bad, that the IPIP test compares me to the women in my country only, as that way the results are not really comparable. Because I am quite sure that this test compares me with the whole sample. And it is going to be hard to tell, if the differences are thanks to the different methodology of measurement, or because the sample population is different. But that is not going to stop me form listing both of them for comparison anyway.

As before, the percentages means, that my scores are higher than that amount of people. So a score of 20% would mean, that I have a higher score than 20% of people. And a score of 80% percent would mean, that there are 80% of people with a smaller score, and 20% with a higher score.

Openness 99,7% 28%
Adventurousness 55,4% 45%
Artistic interests 93,8% 1%
Emotionally 57,8% 1%
Imagination 82,2% 89%
Intellect 99,9% 75%
Authority-challenging 99,8% 43%
Conscientiousness 38,3% 33%
Achievement striving 50,9% 12%
Cautiousness 82,6% 48%
Dutifulness 56,1% 33%
Orderliness 12,4% 66%
Self-discipline 14,9% 43%
Self-efficacy 69,4% 15%
Extraversion 11,3% 1%
Activity level 74,4% 21%
Assertiveness 88,7% 10%
Cheerfulness 01,6% 17%
Excitement-seeking 31,2% 8%
Outgoing 06,1% 1%
Gregariousness 03,9% 1%
Agreeableness 04,5% 20%
Altruism 78,8% 1%
Cooperation 50,1% 32%
Modesty 07,4% 15%
Uncompromising 45,9% 83%
Sympathy 93,1% 17%
Trust 67,9% 86%
Emotional range 48,3% 36%
Fiery 11,6% 17%
Prone to worry 37,8% 46%
Melancholy 64,5% 36%
Immoderation 36,2% 54%
Self-consciousness 87,7% 63%
Susceptible to stress 35,4% 30%

In all traits sans emotional range, I could easily map the values from both type of personality measurement. Normally all but one would have the exact name in both versions. I simply mapped the remaining one. Just in the case of agreeableness, I had to flip it.

The emotional range had most of the elements names different, but I could still map them based on the intuition, if they mean the same thing. Just keep in mind, that I could be wrong.

Looking at the general results, the results are more or less in the same ballpark in both tests. The biggest difference, at far as the main traits go, is in the openness, since one would put me in the high openness and one on the low openness. And looking at it in more detail, this comes mostly for the differences in Artistic interest, Emotionally and Authority-challanging. But in my opinion, I don't have high emotionality, nor artistic interest, so I would here lean more the the IPIP test. I could grant it, that I have average emotionality, but I not not at the top 10% in artistic interest in any case.

I mean, if I am at the top 10%, then there is not enough people for all the artists, hobby photographers, people that are actually interested in music and so on. So this is the point, where I am a bit skeptical. Actually a lot, if I was just a bit skeptical, I could wave it away, but here I can not.

But the most surprising one was in the field of Agreeableness. I don't consider myself altruistic, neither do I consider myself as a person with high sympathy. If these results would be true, than I am first of all, not understanding why there are so many people trying to provide the safe-spaces and battle for groups that are perceived (rightly or wrongs) to be at the threat and so on. I mean, I think Ayn Rand did have some point right, and I would consider her as far away from sympathy as possible. If I am so high, why are there even still charities? I mean, I don't really get these results. They don't explain, why people then act hell of a lot more sympathetic and altruistic then I do.

So, for now, I would trust the test more than this text analysis. But it might be a good way for cases, where solving a test would not be possible, for example when having to know the type of the person you negotiate with. I mean, if the Google, Facebook and others can analyze us, why could not we also analyze other people?

Why Intelligence is Important

The more I read, listen and think about it, the more I realize what an important part does the intelligence plays. People with higher intelligence can coast in school and not do any of the work at home, which gives them time for doing other stuff in the afternoon. On the other hand, people with lower intelligence have to also work at home to be able to keep up. This gives the intelligent people a leg up, so they can use this additional time for anything else, from meeting people and playing, giving them an edge at social skills, to studying additional material, which gives them a bigger breath or depth then others or just for relaxing, creating better memories.

Even at the jobs, the intelligent people tend to learn quicker and they require a lot less hard work to be able to master and optimize given work, so they do it with less time and energy. Less intelligent people can play catch up with hard-work and that can compensate for it at least in part. But having two people with the same work ethics, the one with higher intelligence will win.

I think this is nicely shown in the Price law. The price law says that the squared number of people produce half of all the work.

sqrt(n) = 1/2 * work

It was originally created looking at the productivity of the scientists, but I think it works just as well here. This means, that if there are 100 people working, then the top 10 produce half of the work, and the rest of the 90 produce the other half of the work. I guess in a way, it can be linked to the Pareto law.

Though I did hear a different explanation of the law. It is that the competence increases linearly, but the incompetence increases exceptionally.

That this is means, that I imply that less intelligent people should stop working? Not at all. Unlike in the investment field (where the same principle apply), I do believe that everybody that is willing to work hard can make a contribution to a better working of a community or society, whichever one you prefer. It is just, that their contribution is most likely going to be lower than equality hard-working person that is also intelligent. And we currently live in the society, that this matter in what kind of rewards the society gives back to the worker for their work.