Blog of Sara Jakša

Toastmasters - Table Topics That Help With Language

Table topic ideas are one of the best part of Toastmasters. Today, I am going to present some ideas about how to help with the language of the speaker.

I have to admit, that this area is probably one of my weakest and maybe that is why I am writing this. So some of my co-members looking for table topic ideas are going to see that. Or some members in other clubs, that have anybody with a little weaker language skills.

Here, I am going to start with a similar idea, than in my previous article. The BU exercise.

The first version of the exercise is word based. First is declaring the rules. If a speaker uses a word, that is not in the standard language, than anybody who hear that and know that the world in the standard language exist, say BU. The more the world is inappropriate, the lauder the BU. So say goodbye to any regional or group words. Or even over technical words.

The second version is sentence based. The people like to put a sentence after sentence and do not finish. At least a lot of people I hear do that. But the best speakers usually use shorter sentences for batter understanding. Declare a number, and if people use more that this number of subsentence (the thought, or a sentence ending with a coma), the people in the audience say BU.

There is also the version with the number of words, but be careful since the audience will have to be a lot more careful.

So pick a version, explain the rules and give the something to talk about.

The second one is the word list. Get out a dictionary and put a random of three to five words for the speaker to use. Bringing the dictionary to the meeting or writing them in advance on the piece of paper is up to the table topic master.

Do not forget to mention, that beside these words, they also have to use the word of the day.

And if feeling in a mode for harder topics, give them something to talk about as well.

The third table topic suggestion is a newspaper question. Bring a daily newspaper to the meeting. A speaker picks a number. Open the newspaper on that page and find a headline. Now the speaker have to make a speech, where the headline will be the answer to the question in the speech. The question has to be the last sentence said.

Here are just a couple of ideas, but use it as an inspiration and came with you own ideas as well.

Here are also some Table Topics ideas that help with fillers.

How To Structure Content In A Improvised Speech

Image the next scene with me. You are invited to the New Year celebration (or any other special occasions). People had already something to drink, some of them are drug. So they ask you to make a speech for this occasion. So what is the reaction? Do you freeze and not know, what to say? Or do you make a good speech, making it on the spot, with confidence? Witch one do you want to be?

There are six basic ways to organize the content.

P.R.E.P.

P.R.E.P. stands for Point, Reason, Example, Point. The structure of P.R.E.P. follows by the order of the characters in the acronym.

The P.R.E.P. speech is starting with the Point, telling the most important point of the speech/the reason for saying the speech/the goal of the speech. It is advised, that is is stated clearly. The next step is Reason. This is the place, where the logic takes over, and the reason for the Point part of the speech is revealed. The number of reasons presented here is largely depended on the time allowed for the speech. In Table Topics, where the speaker have up to 2 minutes, there is usually only time for one reason. In longer speeches, there is time for more. The next part of the speech is Example, where there is an example presented, that support the reason stated in the previous step. Here it is advised, that the story (preferably real one) is used to support the reason and indirectly prove the point. Then the speech is ended again with the Point, where the point, stated on the beginning of the speech is repeated. The end summarises the speech and returned back to the beginning of the speech by proving the point. of this speech.

Comparison strategy

Comparison strategy is the way of making speech, where the comparison of the two sides (positive sides with the negative sides) is followed by the conclusion and the point of the speech. The short explanation of the strategy is: Issue, Pro/Con, Conclusions.

In the Issue step, the who situation/problem/background/solution/... is explained. Here, there is no judging of the situation yet. Just the explanation of the issue, so the listeners understand, what is the speaker talking about. The next step is the Pro/Con step, where the speaker lists all the benefits of the situation/solution, and then all the drawbacks of it. On the end, in the Conclusion step, the speaker talk about his opinion or recommendation.

Timeline

This strategy is most useful on the occasions, where the speech must be given in the honour of a person/couple or similar. The basic strategy is: Past, Present, Future.

The speech is started by going into the Past. Telling stories about the past, or just reminding the people of some interesting titbit, that have happened in the past. The example would be: "I have first really looked at her, after she managed to turn the hair of our schoolteacher blue...". The the speech goes to the Present, where the opinion is stated. The speech concludes with the Future, be stating hopes, wishes, predictions and similar things.

Cause-Effect

The next strategy of talking about something is the one, that I have encountered the most. It is a strategy, that is mostly used to talk/present the problems, but it can be also used to convince somebody into something, if that person things, the problem is important enough. The short strategy is: Cause, Effect, Remedy.

The speech starts by explaining the problem, if the problem is not yet known. If the problem is known by every listener, then this faze can be skipped. Then it goes to the Cause faze, where the speaker presents the causes of the problem, described (or already known). This is the reason behind the problem. The next faze is Effect, where the speaker is talking about, what kind of consequences are there, because of this problem. This is the visible/known results of the problem. The speech is finished by Remedy, where the solution of the problem is presented.

Components

This strategy is about breaking the topic of the speech is a lot of different components, each dealing with different aspect.

The speech is started, by introduction to the subject of speech, then each of the aspects of the subject is presented in order, one after another. The end summarises the whole speech and states the point/conclusion.

The different components could be chosen from the following list (but it is not an exclusive list): political, economical, environmental, religious, moral, ethical, historical, technological, theoretical, practical, social, psychological,...

Questions

This speech strategy is about answering all the Wh- questions about a certain subject (the one the speech is about). The questions are: Who, What, When, Where, Why.

The speech starts by answering the Who and What. Who are the people involved and in what are they involved in. Then the situation is explained in greater detail, by answering the questions When and Where. The question Why is the one finishing the speech, since it usually present the most important information and it makes the most impact. The ends of the speech are also usually the most remembered (along with the very start of the speech).

There might be others, so do not be afraid to experiment with different techniques.

Why Learning Languages Is So Hard

There are a lot of reasons, why learning languages is hard. If it wouldn‘t be, there people would not have spend hundreds of dollars and still have a little to show for.

First of all, learning languages is hard work. No matter what some of the products tell us, learning a language is just like learning to draw, or mathematics or learning to play an instrument. It is a discipline of itself.

That also means, that learning languages takes time. At least a months of intensive learning, or years, if taking a slower route. (add the comparison of how many people want to learn a language and how many have the time.)

Also, a person should ask themselves, if language learning is really worth the the time, that they are going to spend learning it. Learning a languages takes a dedication of hundreds of hours.

But in order to answer the upper question, there is a another one. Why learn the language? If it is for the reasons, that are connected to the outside. For example, learning a language for higher payroll. Is it really worth it? Because if it isn‘t, the motivation just isn‘t going to be there. And people need a lot of motivation to see through the long term project.

There are still a lot of people, that even knowing why they are learning the language, they are still unable to do it. I am talking about the people, that have motivation. The reason is normally wrong learning methods. Some of the products on the market are scam. Some are simply not suited for learners type of learning. Some do not have a motivating pace. Some are too quick. Some teach the things, that the learner does not need. So go to the specifics to quickly. Some to late.

But for a new language learner, navigating all of that is hard. They do not know what to pick. Pick one or more? Of the same series or different products.

It depends. For perfect pronunciation, Pimsleur. For basic speaking is Michel Thomas. But even more important it is usage of the language. Reading, listening, speaking and writing.

But while doing the four mentioned activities, the learner has to stretch himself. Getting of the comfort zone into the stretch zone (but the panic zone is only for experienced ones).

Most of the learning, of any kind really, takes place in the stretch zone. But the comfort zone is to comfortable. People tend to stay in the comfort zone. So when they hit a plateau, they stop improving.

But the main reason for that is the fear of failure. People like to think good of themselves, so they stay away from failure, not trying anything. Because of that, not learning anything.

So to summarize. The three thing that keep people from learning are motivation, wrong techniques and fear of failure.

Meanings of Libraries

Library. The place of fun and learning. Where books with tons of knowledge are stored and where countless different words are hidden.

But is that all, that the library is?

For me library always was a place of contentment. The place, where I could feel is a home away from home.

If I wanted a company, there were always some sort of activity going there. Or the nice librarians would be available for talk.

I participated in a lit if gathering. We had a fiction writing group. Travel presentations. Story readings. Personal development meetups. Computer related activities and many more.

Everybody was always ready to talk (alright almost always), so you could came to the people and just start a conversation, if so desired.

If I wanted to lose myself in the world of fantasy, fighting wit a vampire or making friends with trolls, there were always some comfy chairs.

There were book to learn from. If there was a subject, that the library didn't have books on, there was free internet or interlibrary exchange from all over the country.

Maybe because of these reasons, that I usually go to the smaller libraries.

Even after enrolling in the university almost nothing changed. The library simply become the place for group studying as well.

They were always the places of noise, people and ideas. Like home.

But then I changed universities. I quickly noticed, that the library there, on campus, have 5 flours. That was the most flours in the library, that I had seen before.

So I enter, and while it was a little more silence, that I was used to, it was nice. So I decided to checked other flours.

For the first time in my life, pressure had hit me. There were rolls after rolls of people, all quiet. Not a sound. They were all reading or doing something on the computer.

I was afraid, that I am making to much noise by simply walking. I was afraid to even breath aloud. And I left it as soon as possible (but I did see some of really interesting book on the way).

Thinking now, I understand that their vision of what a library is, doesn't converge to mine.

For them, instead if a place like home is a house of knowledge. A place of learning and studying.

Their vision might even be more original one. The libraries were in the ancient times a storage of knowledge.

Because, library on the end, is just a place with book. Any feeling or meaning we give it, is just our own.

On the end, we need both kinds. The place for learning and the place for meeting.

Really Short Guide To Tea Making

There are a lots of different kind of tea. Green, white, fruity, black and many more.

But not all types of tea are prepared the same. Green tea prepared like the herbal one will be none drinkable.

Lets start with blacks teas. These kinds of tea are stronger in caffeine, also in taste.

The black tea is usually prepared with boiled water. Let it steep for about three minutes. The aromatical kind sometimes need more time, to develop aromas.

Red tea, still strong in aromas, since it is fermented as well, but have a different taste.

Usually made in almost boiled water, temperature around 90-95 degrees celsius, in some cases, even the boiling water can be used. Tea also steps for about 3 minutes.

Green tea is easier on the taste, and even the color is lighter looking. Usually yellow or green.

The green tea is made by temperature of around 80 degrees celsius. Stepping for around 3 minutes.

White tea the softest tea, that I had ever drunk.

The white tea is prepared similar to the green one. The temperature is a little lower than 80 degrees celsius and steppes around 2 minutes.

Herbal tea, not really a tea in the name. Instead of being made from tea plant, it is made from different herbs. Like basil, menthol, timian and similar.

The herbal teas are always made with boiling water. But they have a longer steeping time. From 5 to even above 10 minutes, depending on the type of herbs.

The last are fruity teas. Tea made from different kind of fruits.

There are two ways to make the tea, depending on how it was preserved.

One way is to put the tea fruit in the pot of cold water and boiled it.

The other way is to pour boiled water over it and let it stepp. The stepping time is between 10-30 minutes for unprocessed types and 5-15 minutes for processed ones.

Frateco [BBC Sherlock / Person of Interest Fanfiction]

Mycroft has thanked Mrs. Hudson, as he left her and made his way up to the upper apartment. He knew Sherlock and John were currently away, but since the case was already wrapped up, he was just going to wait for them upstairs.

He noticed, that the door of the 221B apartment were open, yet he didn't get a message from his team, that Sherlock or John had returned yet. He slowly opened the door, and entered, looking around.

On John's chair, there sited a small man , who stiffly turned around his body to look who had come. His face was passive.

"If you are looking for Sherlock's help, he is going to be busy of a while."

The man slowly stood up, and turned to Mycroft.

"Oh, no mister Holmes, I am not your brother client. Or potential client."

He moved slowly toward Mycroft, and he noticed his limp.

"Where are my manners? Harold Wren. Pleasure to meet you, mister Holmes."

He extended his hand, and waited for Mycroft to grab it. He didn't do it for a couple of seconds, then he extended his arm as well.

"Harold Wren? John's lawyer?"

Harold tried to smile, but it was uncomfortable.

"I mostly deal with insurance, but yes, I also take care of Dr. Watson's legal matters."

He sat down on John's chair again, and Mycroft followed.

"I wasn't aware John is in a need of a lawyer."

"He isn't. I seems to be in a need of his help."

Mycroft looked at him as in question, but Harold did not elaborate. He simply studied the person in front of him. Mycroft's eyes narrowed.

"You don't give a impression of a lawyer. Or somebody working for the insurance."

Harold raised his eyebrow, as he moved back just a tiny bit.

"Well, I am not working as a lawyer. But rest assure, my insurance practice is real and pretty successful."

Mycroft griped his umbrella a little more.

"And yet, you do not spent a lot of time there."

There was a second of a pause.

"As interesting as my life might be, I have to tell you, I am a very private person."

Mycroft leaned forward.

"Not even what you want from John?"

Harold tightened his lips, as he glanced at Mycroft's umbrella.

"Not even that."

Mycroft raised his umbrellas and he pointed the tip to Harold, but he looked at the umbrella clam, but not uninterested.

"I am not afraid to die, Mr. Holmes."

He flipped a switch, and the needle cam out, stopping inch from Harold's face.

At that time, they both heard the voices on the stairs and two people came to the room. On of them looked at both of the sitting, finding them uninterested, but the other glanced at them, and in the next second, the umbrella was already in the air and in the next, Mycroft had a gun on his face. Sherlock and Mycroft froze, as Mycroft had looked at John's face in front of him.

"If you try to even think about hurting him again, I will kill you."

Mycroft lowered his umbrella, as Harold said.

"John, you are overreacting. We were just talking."

John lowered his gun and turned his head to look at the person behind him, smiling. Harold was standing up behind him.

"No comment about being uncomfortable around guns."

John's voice had a tint of surprise there, but no question. He turned to him completely, hugging him and then letting him go.

"Well, my partner decided to stash his arsenal inside my library."

John face light up.

"He accepted?"

Harold nodded stiffly, fut even he was smiling. Then he become serious.

"That is what I would like to ask you help with. I can't seems to locate him."

John smiled at Harold looked at him.

"You know where he is?"

John was a little uncomfortable.

"Well, I know where somebody having his description might be. But I can get you a picture?"

He took out his telephone, and both Mycroft and Sherlock looked at it, as it was not his usual phone. He then input the message and sent, then input another number in it and pressed call, then he ended the call without doing anything.

"It could be a trap."

John looked at him surprised. Harold pointed on the phone, but the gesticulation was minimal.

"How many people on the world do know about that system?"

John smiled, stopping his laugh.

"Well, somebody we both know decided that his coworker should have the choice, that the British government had taken from him."

Harold smiled as he looked at the other two in the room.

"John, we forgot our manners. You should really introduce me to your flatmate."

John looked on his left, and noticed with surprise, that Sherlock was looking at him, his attention clearly on the two of them. John clearly felt more uncomfortable.

"Harold, this is Sherlock Holmes, my... Friend."

"Sherlock, this is Harold."

He indicated with his arm to he was talking about. He nodded, as he finished the introduction with a tense jaw.

Harold took a couple of steps and extended his arm.

"Pleasure to finally meet you, Sherlock. John told me a lot about you."

Sherlock slowly extended his arm, but his grip was strong.

"Can say the same to you."

Harold glanced with smile to John.

"He wouldn't know me well, if he would have done that."

Sherlock looked him from up to down.

"American, working mostly with the computers. They represent an escape from your reality, since you normally don't mingle with people. Genius, but you do not want people to know about that. Paranoid, probably from working for a intelligence, probably FBI. You are a little to acclimatized to guns, for not liking them. Now you are probably hiding from them. Been engaged, maybe even married, but not for years. Not because of problem, more likely death. And you have a big dog with brown, short fur, that is well trained."

Sherlock delivered his deductions, but Harold didn't react at all. He narrowed his eyes. But them he looked at him curiously.

"I am not going to correct you mistakes, Mr. Holmes."

Sherlock was taken aback, but he tried not to show it. At that, John's other phone ringed for incoming message, and Harold turned and took the phone, looking at it. He sighed.

"That is him."

He tried to give the phone back to John, but he shook his head.

"You memorized the protocol, right?"

Harold's look told him a lot.

"So, call me when you are going to have a rescue plan."

Harold looked at him in surprise and John just smiled.

"It definitely going to be fun."

Harold looked st him, looking, then turned around.

"I have a usual room."

John nodded, as Harold turned to the Holmes brothers.

"It was nice to finally meet you."

And with these words, he left the room, and later the building.

Both Holmes brothers turned to John, who tried to appear as innocent as possible.

"As he said it himself, I would not have known him much, if I would choose to talk about him."

He than turned to Sherlock.

"It was impressive deduction, but he probably takes more comfort in the assumptions that you make."

As none of them said anything for a second, he turned and went to the kitchen.

"Would anybody else like some tea?"

Talentoj [Person of Interest Fanfiction]

It was a peaceful day. They had solved the last number hours ago, and the new number hasn't came in yet. John was sitting on the sofa, watching random Youtube videos, his disinterest written on the face. Harold was updating the library security systems.

"You do not have to be here, Mr. Resse."

John looked from his phone and looked at Harold questionably. Harold looked at him from behind his monitors.

"I am going to call you when we get a new number. You can go and do whatever you do in your free time."

John watched him for a couple of moments, then returned to his phone, not humoring Harold with an answer. A couple of moments latter, Harold returned to his computer.

They sat like that for some time, the silence not unwelcome, familiar to both men.

Suddenly, John tensed and stood up from his slouched position, his eyes raised. Harold looked up, and but not looking worried.

"Anything wrong Mr. Resse?"

John looked up and put up his passive face, as he looked Harold in the face. He put the phone down and stood up.

"Just need some air."

He started to walk away, but he didn't make more than a couple of steps, before stopping.

"You would have taken your phone if it was nothing."

John turned around and looked at Finch's face. His jaw tightened.

"Don't you know everything?"

Harold turned back to the computer and started typing.

"I do respect your privacy."

He started to type back as John went and picked up his phone and then walked behind Harold's chair. He just handed the phone to him, but didn't answer his questioning look.

Harold took the phone and flipped it open on the last video that John had watched, hitting replay.

The video was of a young woman singing musical song. It was sung full of feeling and Harold could appreciate the well sung song. But he glanced at John, not seeing significance. But John was looking at him with such concentration, that he returned to the video.

Then the camera started showing other people, all with the tears in their eyes. The first was a bald man Harold didn't recognize. But it was the second, the woman, that he did.

She was there, sitting with everyone else, or more likely, sitting as one of the three in the front, with the audience behind. She was well dressed and she had her hair made, raised up. But it was still Root.

His eyes widened as he recognized her, and he could feel his pulse elevate. He forced himself to watch to the end of the video, but he could feel the hand on his shoulder, taking all the encouragement from it that he could.

The video ended. Harold slowly turned to John.

"If I understood correctly, she is a judge on the talent show in Slovenia. But I am more familiar with other Slavic language, so I might be wrong."

Harold turned around and starting a search on the talent, when the hand grasped his shoulder a little. Harold stopped.

"If she is there, then she can't be near here."

Harold tried to smile, but he only nodded. He than turned to John again.

"They why did you want to leave?"

John smiled, as Harold was starting to get a really bad feeling.

"Finch, you don't really want to know."

Harold turned back, but he smiles.

"You do realize, the whole TV crew is about to get spied on?"

He could hear John's laugh, before he left the library.

Toastmasters - Table Topics That Help With Fillers

The purpose of the table topics is usually to put people on spot and make them improvize a speech. But as a long term member of the Toastmasters club, I don't find the normal table topics as challenging as I used to.

What do I mean as the normal table topics? These are the table topic, where you are given a subject to talk about and left to your own devices. Like talk about you favorite food, last day of your life or describe a plant.

Some subject are challenging, but if the only thing you get is a subject of a speech, then you do not have a lot to think about.

So here I had written some of the ideas, that help with the fillers. So the table topic speaker not only have to think about what to say, but also say it with no fillers.

The first one is what I call the BU exercise. Give the speaker something to talk about. But instruct the audience to say BU every time, that the speaker up front says a filler.

For a beginners or guests, you should pick something easy, like favorite food, or the way from home to the job, or how they start their day.

But don't be afraid to give the older members some more challenging topic to talk about. While speaking, we have to be careful of a lot of things, so giving them more then one thing to concentrate on will be a good practice.

So of you might have heard of the next exercise to get rid of fillers, and some of you didn't. But reading helps with fillers as well. Bring a lots of book from home or a local library and give every speaker a book to read for a minute or two.

Try to chose books, that will be interesting or funny to read. Dictionaries and technical books make for a more interesting table topics and the literature is a good way for the people, that still need exercise. Maybe some children books for people afraid to came on the stage.

For the third one, you will need bonbons. M&M work, but be careful, if some of the people have allergies. Every speaker that came on stage gets a bonbon and he has to put it below his tongue. Then make his whole table topic speech in that condition. After the speech, they are allowed to eat it.

These are just some of the ideas for table topic, that you could use to help you fellow members with the filler problems. So try one of them on your next meeting.

If you want some other ideas, I also wrote a column of Table Topics ideas, that help with the language.

Karate - Kaeshi Kumite - Jodan

Kaeshi Kumite is pre determent exercise in fighting - attacking and defending. Other example of this type of training are Kihon Ippon Kumite and Juu Ipon Kumite. But Keshi Kumite is the only fighting exercise, where the attacker wins.

For Kaeshi Kumite, the attacker and defender both start in free stance. The attacker is allowed to start with left or right site, making this harder on the defender.

The first combination in Kaeshi Kumite is called Jodan. It origin is in the Japanese name oi-zuki jodan, the first move of the combination.

The combination starts, as mentioned, with both people in free stance.

The attacker is going to be the one that starts, and the defender will be the other person.

The attacker declared the attack ("Jodan"), and then attacked, by stepping forward and punching with the oi-zuki jodan with the same arm.

The defender steps back with the opposite leg, than the opponent stepped forward. If he stepped and punched with right hand and leg, the defender steps back with left leg. With the opposite side, that the one stepping back, he blocks with age-uke. The right hand to the stepping back left leg and vice-versa.

The defender then steps with the back leg forward, attacking oi-zuki with the arm on the same side.

The attacker moved to the side (45° to the previous position), so he is on the inner side of the opponent. In practice, that means, that if he attacked with left hand, the attacker moves back with the forward leg. He blocked, or just guide the arm so it doesn't hit him with tate-shuto. He counterattacked with jako-zuki.

Both the attacker and the defender move to the free stance.

So the combination in short: Attacker: oi-zuki jodan forward Defender: age-uke back, oi-zuki forward Attacker: tate-shuto 45°, jako-zuki

So now you can try it as well, just make sure to not injure anybody.

Toastmasters - How To Make A Better Evaluvation

An important part in Toastmasters experience is also evaluation part. Especially the evaluation of the main speeches.

I realized, that the more I was evaluating something, the more I recognize with my own mistakes of that kind. Everybody in the club know it. For example, I had a lot of troubles with fillers, so they had me as an ah-counter a lot of times.

But this is why I liked evaluation the main speech more. I only have to be concentrated for a little less than 10 minutes, and not on the whole meeting. The second is, that as a evaluator of the main speech, I have to concentrate on a lot of different stuff. From structure, to language, to body language and so on.

But evaluation of evaluation rarely happens, at least in my opinion. I get sometimes, that I am a little but too critical, yet a lot of people are trying to reserve me now to correct my speeches. I am also referred as somebody that makes great evaluations.

I start with the A4 paper. I write the name and the number of the speech on the middle. I leave some space for the name of the speech and circle it.

Then I use that paper to create a mind map. I start by big branches. What I am looking for are the structure, point, language, vocal, body language, use of things, understandable, references, humor and audience interaction and other.

Yes, for the once that are familiar with the Competent Communicator from Toastmasters organization, I did use it as an inspiration. I have to say, they did know what to pay attention too.

Some of them also have a smaller branches out. Language have words, sentences and metaphors and other. Body language have eye contact, moving and hands. References have the sources and ways to explain.

Then I read the chapter on the speech, that I am going to be evaluating. I use the chapter, and the list on the back, to write additional branches.

I also send an email, to ask the speaker, if he has any additional wish, what to look for in his or her speech. I also add that to the mind map.

Right before I leave for toastmasters meeting, I refresh the mind map inside my head.

While listening to the speech, I try and note everything. I am adding notes to the mind map and I try to put down at least something for every branch.

When giving the oral evaluation, I don't say everything. I try to find two things that I liked and two things that I didn't. One of the things that I liked and both that I didn't I try to get from the subject, that was in the book or that they wanted me to pay attention to. If I can't find two things that I didn't like from there, then I use something else.

If I think, that the mistakes weren't that big, then I start by pointing out, what they did good - the one from either the book or paying attention section. Then I point both of mistakes, and finishing with something good, from the other sections.

But if I think, that the mistake was really big, then I will first point out the mistake, then the good, the other bad and finishing with the good.

I know that psychology is teaching us, that people can become defensive, if staring with the negative one, and what we got as a result was a sandwich effect. I believe, that if people are a member of Toastmasters club, they would have to be at least on the courage level of consciouses and that would mean, they are above pride. So there is less chance of them rejecting the whole evaluation.

But studies also show, that we remember best, what was on the beginning and the end, that is why, if the mistake is big, I put it on the front. So that people can remember it better. I prefer to leave the end for something positive, as to show, that there is hope in the future.

After going home, when I had the time to let my subconsciouses deal with the speech, I start writing the written evaluation as well, that I later send to the speaker.

Then I go big branch by big branch on my mind map, and write the whole evaluation. If I thought the speech was really bad, that evaluation is going to be the one, that will reflect it more correctly, than my first one. If I thought it was better than perfect, then that evaluation will be more than 1000 words of praises.

I write from memory and from mind map, making the evaluation. I start by writing a sentence or two generally about the speech, then write paragraphs, staring with structure and usually ending with humor. Then I add the general feeling of the speech. What my intuition is telling me about it.

Then I sent and wait for any questions or clarifications. If there are none, that this is a scope of my it.