Blog of Sara Jakša

Getting MBTI Tagged Text from Tumblr

I decided that I am putting some of my code that I used last semester in the jupyter books, because I think that this makes it more readable. So I decided to refractor the code that I used and put it here.

I only tested on the small samples, so I might have missed something. But I think it should work.

You can find the code here.

How to Get MBTI Tagged Texts from Reddit

I thought that I might want to return to the MBTI clasification that I was working on last semester. It seems like a good project work to do in this semester as well.

So for that I have decided that this time I might also want to get the data from subreddits that deal with MBTI types.

You can find the jupyter notebook on my github.

I am not yet satisfied, as I realized that people can sometimes write things that I as a human would be able to classify, but I did not catch with this script. Also, for some reason the people on the ESFJ subforum don't really use it. Which gave me an imbalance with ESFJ having the least amount of text.

I am still putting it on the internet in case it helps somebody.

What to Improve in Yourself

There are a lot of studies that show correlations between different parts of ourselves and the effects that it could have on the world. People that are extraverted are more likely to spend above their means, people with lower self-control are more likely to be overweight, people with higher intelligence are more likely to be successful, people with higher memories are more likely to be prodigies and so on.

But there are some things are are a lot easier to improve and some things that are a lot harder to improve. According to my psychological teacher, a person can not train intelligence and cognitive flexibility, but they can train self-control, which still effects among other things also success in school and marriage stability.

From this we can at least agree, that some things, like some parts of intelligence are a lot harder to improve than self-control.

Then we have the whole mentality to take into account as well. People that believe that they can improve are more likely to improve compared to people that believe that genes decided their faith. I have seen these things in a different contexts as well. One example is, that people that believed that their self-control was limited and can tire like a muscle, were more likely to have limited self-control than people without this belief.

It is like whatever we believe in it becomes true.

But our beliefs, unlike what some NLP (as in neuro-lingustic programming) practitioners would like you to belief, are not so easily changeable. There is a reason why people say that we become the average of 5 people that we spend the most time with. Any kind of input, even implicit and never mentioned like the cultural setting, can influence our beliefs.

Taking this into account I can see two possible ways. One is to simply reshape the whole world around you so that there are only influences going in the right direction. That means not talking to people holding different opinion, no reading the newspapers, no watching of the TV shows, no reading books and so on, since all these things could influence it in a different direction.

It entails an extreme level of curtailing the influences on one person. I takes a lot of work, but if you are willing to do it and pay the price, it is a valid path.

The other one is to simply use the strategies that work in this world. If most people believe that intelligence can't be improved, but self-control can, then work on your self-control. This way even the environment that is not fully compliant with you goals or aims can still help with taking steps.

I am sure that there are overlap in the world and human's growth path, especially when the person is starting on the similar level to most people. I believe that taking advantage of the world in the beginning is the quickest path.

Eventually, the overlap does get smaller and smaller, and the person will need to switch more to a upper strategy, until the the environment will change enough that there is still overlap. It is like a cycle strategy, switching between the both methods.

Does this mean that I think the same world can have different influence on us? Yes, I believe this. And I think it makes sense to take advantage of this.

The Te and Ti Way of Doing Science

It has recently come to my attention that there might be a good way to divide the Ti and Te approach of doing science. I am not sure how well does it hold, but I just wanted to put it out there as another idea and if it helps one person, that is more than enough.

Normally, when we think about science, is the circle that goes around. It starts with curiosity, and then continues to forming hypothesis and testing them. In this this forming hypothesis and testing them that I am interested in.

To make it more concrete, for example I am interested in the effect of working memory on the school grades. So make a hypothesis that people with higher working memory have higher grades. Then I test the whole class of children on working memory and get their grades and see if there is a connections.

But this way of doing think is very extraverted-judging, more specifically extraverted thinking (Te). These people perceive on the inside, so they get the impressions that are very subjective. But then they do something in the outside world, like in the case of Te, they rearrange the world to test this.

But the Ti way of doing science can be different. Ti would use a extraverted perceiving, so they would look at the world and see the world as it is or as it could be. It is lot more objective oriented.

But then the model building is not, and Ti just builds the model of the world based on these observations.

So if psychological experiments are science made according to the Te principles, than Ti principles gave rise to the methods like grounded theory.

Grounded theory is a theory building, where people code what happens in the data, noting but not using their ideas about the data. And from this, they then try to find an emerging patterns and build a theory.

The way the public sees science is in a very Te directed way. That might be, because when the people are introduced to science in school it is usually through physics and chemistry experiments.

But I think we need both ways in order to truly advance the science. Both the people that create theories from their observations, as well as people that test out their ideas, assumptions and impressions.

MBTI Typing: Mouri Ran (Detective Conan) - ISFJ

My next typing is going to be about Mouri Ran from the Detective Conan. For a change I am going to try to use the format that most of the other sites are using.

Mouri Ran ISFJ

Introverted Sensing (Si)

A lot of times Ran is going to be remembering the past. Let it be when she was reminded of the first meeting with Shinichi when seeing cheery blossom or thinking about meeting Akai when seeing the article about the FBI. Not only that, she does not see the world in the objective way, the same way that Se types would, but in what the impression makes on her, which is indicative of the Si types. For example the feeling she gets when meeting Sera.

Not to mention, she continue to try and get their parents to be together, even though they have not been for about 10 years, but were before that. She is very past oriented.

Extroverted Feeling (Fe)

Ran is much more aware of the feelings that other people have than her own. She is also less likely to show her feelings, if it goes against the harmony of the group. For example, in the kindergarten, she pretended that she was alright with her nameplate being destroyed and only cried when the others were sleeping. She was also a type of person who let everybody slide before her.

Not to mention that while she is a teenager, she is making sure that everybody is her household is taken care of.

Introverted Thinking (Ti)

She does also have the Ti reasoning abilities. For example, when she was in the kindergarten, she could realize why Shinichi did what he did. She was also be able to solve multiple cases by herself.

Extroverted Intuition (Ne)

While usually she acts quite normally, when she is presented with the situation that she does not understand, she can jump to quite creative conclusions. Be it that the person has supernatural and was able to see the dog through the wall in the middle school. Or that she thought multiple times that Shinichi had shrunk. Or that a ghosts exist.

Alright, I decided that I don't really like this format, so I will most likely continue in a different format next time.

Creativity and Status Quo or How Some Discoveries were Made

Social sciences have a lot harder job than some of the other sciences, simply because the humans are a lot less predictable than for example chemical or physical processes. As long as there is gravitation, the apple will fall from the tree. And we discovered this centuries ago. But with the humans, the things are a little harder.

One of the reasons is, that our scientific method developed from some of the specific assumptions: for example that the world is uniform and objective. So most of the methods that were developed hinged on this.

Yet so far, I would not call humans uniform and objective.

This is why the creativity is hard to study. There are lot of stories of how the discoveries were made. But these stories, as long as they did not originate from the people making discoveries, then they could be made with a specific goal in mind. And might have made the stories different, to suit their goals.

Since we like stories, we are quite likely to simply accept them as the truth, as long as they make sense. In some cases, this is positive, as reading literature can improve the theory of mind in people. In the other, it might start the urban legend.

Also, even if it did originate from the inventors, there is a chance that their memory was playing tricks on them. I mean, I notice at myself, that I am capable of rewriting parts of my memory.

One of the story like that is of discovery of silent reading in the 11th century. Even though there are indication that the silent reading existed beforehand, even if it was not regularly practised or discussed.

Then we have how the Giordano Bruno conceived the universe, where the each star was like the sun with planets. He did have this idea, since he used it in his own writings, and considering that he lived in the 16th century, that was quite a forward thinking.

But I have also heard the story, that he came up with it in a dream. I have found no source that would be able to confirm or deny this, so it is hard to tell.

August Kekulé actually used the word dream when describing his discovery of benzene structure. I am much more likely to believe this account, even though it was made around 30 years later than the actual discovery. But even so, there are articles written whenever he meant it literally or metaphorically.

Then we can have stories that are connected with the politically problematic topics like drugs. The first one is how the compound that was discarded in the pharmaceutical research process was studied again by Albert Hofmann. For some reason it was bugging him and so he eventually returned to study it as discovered LSD.

This days is it sometimes described that the spirit of the LSD was calling him. What I am sceptical about, and I did not find anything more on the topic, is that I am not sure that it would be described like that by Hofmann when we discovered it.

Then there are the cases of Carey Mullis and Francis Crick, whose discoveries are connected with the LSD as well. Carey Mullis claimed that he used LSD as aid to understanding the polymerase chain reaction. Which make it at believable, since as far I can see, it came from the person making the discovery.

Then there is a case of Francis Crick using LSD when working on the DNA structure. Which, as far as I was able to tell, was first mentioned in the newspaper after his death. Not only that, they seems to get the information from a source other than Crick. Because of this, I would be much more sceptical of this claim.

For each of these cases, the best thing to do would be to talk the the people involved. Which is impossible in the cases of people that already died. Otherwise, using the things that they actually said and wrote can be the acceptable substitution.

But otherwise, I guess they are just a convenient stories that are hopefully used to help people get interested in science (though more likely for other reasons). And we should not take them as the basis for our own research.

MBTI Typing: Kudou Shinichi (Detective Conan) - ENTJ

Kudo Shinichi - ENTJ

This one was somehow easier to type than the rest of them. I am not sure if it is because I am much more aware of the differences in the functions, or it is because I watched it for almost a decade and my intuition helped me with this.

I will only use example that I can think from the top of my head. Because there are over 700 episodes with movies and OVAs and magic files thrown in, it is hard to check the material for all the counter examples.

First of all, he seems to be using his Ni a lot when using a deduction. For example, in the case where Kisaki's hairdresser killed her former boyfriend, it was Ni that told him that something was wrong with the chair. Also, in the case of the the car that blew up because of the static electricity, he got the feeling that something was wrong with the information, but not what until he figured out why Haibara is not touching the car. This also shown that he is using the introverted perceiving function.

Also, when he is using the extraverted perceiving function, it is Se. I can not remember the single instance, where I saw his use Ne as a way of perceiving function. On the other hand, he notices things in the real time. For example, in the first case with Hattori that opera was loud (I know not the best example maybe), or when KID had his teleportation trick, he noticed that the words on the screen don't make sense, and in the case of his walking trick, he noticed that he came without googles.

He is also goo at sports, especially football, and while I would never define Se user by just that, it is another piece of the information that fits.

But when we look at the Shinichi in kindergarten, he is not displaying these Se qualities as openly. He notices things, but only something bothers him. Also, he prefers to read a book in the library than going to the kindergarten.

On the other hand, he shows the planing and efficiency even in the kindergarten. He hid his own sakura nameplate, just so he could later told the bullies that they are idiots. This planing, especially when it comes naturally to children, it usually a sign of Te.

And he does hone this ability, with his being able to plan things against organization in such a way, that even FBI is quite willing to go with his plans.

He also have strong morals, and his words show a Fi like understanding of morals and not Fe. Fe depends a much more on the outside influence. He, on the other hand, gave a different reason in the first instance of the Shirigami case. He even convinced Araide to lie on the court so that the truth about a murder would not come to life. And we are talking about a person whose catchphrase is: "There is always only one truth."

Not to mention the whole if-they-commit-suicide-then-we-are-killers thinking, which is not really allied with the reality.

Still when looking at the early life, the Se was not well developed, and his Te was more developed than Fi. I would say that Te in more developed in him than Ni, so that would make him a ENTJ.

What Makes us Happy: Self Identity

The second thing is how happiness and our pursued of happiness is connected to self-identity. Let me again start with the most usual objection: happiness is about being creative.

Thankfully there is a person that researched creativity and commented a lot of first person data about how it is to experience creativity. I am of course talking about Csikszentmihalyi. Well, when I was reading his book, and he also says it himself, in the state of flow, which is the so called creative state, people don't feel happiness. They don't don't feel any negative emotions, because there is no place for the emotions in that space.

There was some talk that solving a problem with creativity brings the positive feelings forward. But that they would not start solving a problem if not for some dissatisfaction with current knowledge or state. People don't innovate or show creative when the are satisfied or content with their life. So in this regard, we can not say that creativity is connected with happiness, as it seems it requires both, negative and positive emotions.

Also, what makes us happy is very much dependent on our identity that we project to ourselves and to other people. It gets a lot of help that we are really good at deceiving ourselves. For example, a person could enjoy the eating beef. They they become vegan and suddenly the don't enjoy it anymore. And it is not just related to the things that are directly related to pleasure, like food. It also extends to everything connected with out social image, from our possessions, to the ideas we hold and many more.

Is that not the reason why some people buy organic? This is just an example, but I doubt that they get that much more happiness out of it. I mean, there people are actually happier because of a word on the food. I could put this word on the nonorganic food, and it would have the same affect on them.

Don't believe me? Check some of the studies on framing effect.

The last argument that I am going to bring forward is the argument of dignity, that Morioka touched upon. This thought experiment goes like this:

You and your child go down the street. You child is killed by a car. You are given the perfect happiness drug, so you don't feel any negative emotions.

One of the questions asked were, if you feel anything wrong with this scenario. Would you say that the person is happy? Would you accept this kind of happiness for yourself?

Happiness can be just an consequence of our current frame. Putting it in the centre of our endeavour can, in my opinion, be a suboptimal solution to solving out the problem of how to live a life.

What Makes us Happy: Is it Living the Life we Want?

What thing that I usually find annoying is the assumption that happiness is the highest goal in a person's life. And here I am referring to the happiness in the hedonistic sense. You can see it either explicitly said in a lot of the self-development books and seminars, so it lurks there, being just implicitly presented, as in economic theories.

So let me first try to tackle the problem of living the life we want. This one seems to be the more presented of all of them. Be it in the advertisement or pictures of beaches where people would enjoy the rest of their life. The latter which I never understood. Don't people realize that they would be bored shitless there after a while?

One interesting thought experiment is Nozick’s experience machine. What is comes down to, if you could reprogram the matrix in any way you could, would you plug in? Surprisingly not everybody would. In a different formulation of the problem, around third of the people say they would. Which is an interesting way of saying, that there might be other things that can affect it.

Sure, it is not that sexy, if it ends up that they only do it because of the status quo bias. People also would not be willing to leave the simulation, if a person would tell them, that they are in the simulation right now and that they have the chance to leave. But these percentages can be greatly influenced by adding just one sentence about how the life is outside the simulations.

So it seems that as least when we come to these experiments, it is that we value the current situation enough, that we are unwilling to change in most cases. And yet, at least most people that I met would not say that they have 'achieve their happiness' yet.

The other thing we don't take into account is that sometimes it is a lot easier to dream about something than actually living it. I mean, who had not dreamed to be a wither a president of the country, a famous actor, famous singer or world champion is some sport.

But people that dream about being presidents don't take into account that they have a rules called protocol that they have to constantly act in accordance to. That they are the ones that will need to resolve the most thorny problems (unless you are actually a country like mine, where the president don't have much power) and will be hated by people that will perceive you working against them, you will have to meet people that other people decide that you need to meet. There is just not a lot of freedom in the life of presidents.

Now let us go on the famous actor and famous singer example. I have heard a lot of them complain in how people stock them in their home, trying to see them through their windows. How some people go as far as physical attack, if they think they are ignored (like bitting, which fyi is discussing). For example, I heard that there are regular bus tours to go and see the house of Justin Bieber (is it bad, that I knew this face, but I had to google his name?). Can you imagine having a bus of people every day going around you house?

And then there are the professional sportsman. For people that have troubles going on the diet or going to the gym every day, can you imagine having you food specified to the miniature detail and having trainings also for hours per day. Not to mention having the mental focus to ignore the audience that think have the right to your time?

In the end, it is easier to dream than to experience our dreams. Because deep down we know that we will simply have different problems when achieving our dreams and it is easier to deal with the problems we are already familiar with.

I have Taken a Strength Test and How this Relates to MBTI

Recently I have taken a random strength and weakness test that I found on the internet. I figured out that maybe this is going to help me narrow my focus even more. The site that I have linked is helpful enough that they tell you the percentage points for each one, but they only offer description for five top strengths and one bottom weakness.

Well, these percentages are based on the answers and might not be the exact, but the general rank of them can still be useful.

As far as for me, the strengths that passed the 75% mark were problems solving and innovation. My weakness, so strengths less than 25% were salesmanship, focus and optimism.

There was nothing that surprising there. But as I was looking at my results I noticed that this could be somehow predicted based on the Jung's functions that I am using.

I mean, I was high on the strengths that use Ti or Te, like problems solving. I also know it was not based on Te, because my strategic thinking was average. I also had high innovation and curiosity, two things that can go with Ne. And with this I got my type: INTP.

Now, if I take over my weaknesses, most, but now all are related to my underdeveloped Fe function, like salesmanship and teamwork. Even my communication is just average.

I also seems to have a weird looking Fi, function, because in some cases, like integrity and faith I am strong, but I have low self-motivations and balance. The same happens with Ni, where visionary is high, but focus is low.

This is just a case study, so I would not generalize this to other people, but it seems like strength can be connected to our strongest functions and weaknesses to our inferior function. It is the shadow functions that are unpredictable. Which is good, because unpredictability makes life more fun.