It has recently come to my attention that there might be a good way to divide the Ti and Te approach of doing science. I am not sure how well does it hold, but I just wanted to put it out there as another idea and if it helps one person, that is more than enough.
Normally, when we think about science, is the circle that goes around. It starts with curiosity, and then continues to forming hypothesis and testing them. In this this forming hypothesis and testing them that I am interested in.
To make it more concrete, for example I am interested in the effect of working memory on the school grades. So make a hypothesis that people with higher working memory have higher grades. Then I test the whole class of children on working memory and get their grades and see if there is a connections.
But this way of doing think is very extraverted-judging, more specifically extraverted thinking (Te). These people perceive on the inside, so they get the impressions that are very subjective. But then they do something in the outside world, like in the case of Te, they rearrange the world to test this.
But the Ti way of doing science can be different. Ti would use a extraverted perceiving, so they would look at the world and see the world as it is or as it could be. It is lot more objective oriented.
But then the model building is not, and Ti just builds the model of the world based on these observations.
So if psychological experiments are science made according to the Te principles, than Ti principles gave rise to the methods like grounded theory.
Grounded theory is a theory building, where people code what happens in the data, noting but not using their ideas about the data. And from this, they then try to find an emerging patterns and build a theory.
The way the public sees science is in a very Te directed way. That might be, because when the people are introduced to science in school it is usually through physics and chemistry experiments.
But I think we need both ways in order to truly advance the science. Both the people that create theories from their observations, as well as people that test out their ideas, assumptions and impressions.